The Mabira Forest is a rainforest area covering about 300 square kilometres in Uganda, located between Lugazi and Jinja, in Buikwe District. Mabira Forest Reserve is the largest block of moist semi-deciduous forest remaining in the central region of Uganda. It has been protected as Mabira Forest Reserve since 1932. It is home for many endangered species like the Nahan’s Francolin; Black shouldered Nightjar, Capuchin Babbler, Yellow and Grey Long-bills, Yellow-mantled weaver.
The site also holds one species of the Sudan-Guinea Savanna biome and four of the Afrotropical Highlands biome. There are over 10km well maintained trail systems for birding nature walks.
The reserve occupies gently undulating country, characterized by numerous flat-topped hills and wide, shallow valleys. Some of these valleys have papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) swamps. The topography is such that the land drains to the north, even though the reserve’s southern boundary lies only 13 km from the shores of Lake Victoria. The closeness of Mabira to Kampala, and the presence of various ecotourism facilities, makes this site popular for visitors especially bird watchers.
By virtue of its location between two main urban centres, the reserve assumes increasing importance as a recreational area; it is already popular for picnics, nature walks especially for bird watching ,butterfly viewing, and trail-biking.